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Friday, April 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa found in the catalog.

Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa

Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa

the impacts of climatic variability and resource access on rural livelihoods

by

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by GCTE Core Project Office in Canberra .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by E. Odada [et al.].
SeriesGCTE Working Document -- No.20
ContributionsOdada, E., Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Core Project., International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme., Southern African Rangelands Today and Tomorrow: Social Institutions for an Ecologically Sustainable Future (Workshop) (1996 : Gaborone)
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17540114M
ISBN 100646294520

(RSA, p) mirrors the global strategies of policy makers. Currently, although South Africa has the second largest economy in Africawith and an adequate food supply at the national level, this however has not translated into food security at File Size: 1MB. assessment (EIA) in southern Africa were not very successful and that change in this regard has been relatively slow. Nevertheless, EIA can potentially play a significant role as a key support tool for sustainable development in southern Africa. To effectively enhance sustainable development in the region. Droughts, floods and storms are hitting Africa with increasing frequency. With so many people dependent on subsistence agriculture, the results can be . Forests, Rangelands and Climate Change in Southern Africa Forests and Climate Change Working Paper 12 Forests, rangelands and climate change in southern Africa Sasha Naidoo, Claire Davis and Emma Archer Van Garderen Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Please cite as: Naidoo, S. Davis, C. & Archer van Garderen, E.

The impacts of global warming vary for different regions around the world, underscoring the dire need for Africa to play a larger role in framing policies on climate change -- .


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Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa Download PDF EPUB FB2

Land degradation is a global problem affecting many countries including South Africa. This study was conducted in order to assess and monitor the nature and extent of land degradation within Qoqodala in the Eastern Cape Province, of South Africa.

Search tips: Check if your spelling is correct, or try removing filters. Remove quotes around phrases to match each word individually: "blue drop" will match less than blue drop.

You can require or exclude terms using + and -: big +blue drop will require a match on blue while big blue -drop will exclude results that contain drop. Global Change and Subsistence Rangelands in Southern Africa: Resource Variability, Access and Use in Relation to Rural Livelihoods and Welfare Project Partners: Centre for Arid Zone Studies, Wales (CAZS) National Botanical Institute, South Africa (NBI) National University of Lesotho (NUL).

Global Change and Subsistence Rangelands in Southern Africa: Resource Variability, Access and Use in Relation to Rural Livelihoods and Welfare Project Partners: Centre for Arid Zone Studies, Wales (CAZS). Botswana's Kalahari rangelands have historically supported a diversity of wildlife and a number of subsistence livelihood activities, such as agropastoralism, hunting and by:   Africa's Rangelands and Their Importance to the Continent.

Africa covers about 30 million km 2 ( million square miles) and, although it is slightly smaller in size than Asia, it is unique in having its land mass distributed more or less equally in both hemispheres. Its vast length (8, km or 4, miles), breadth (7, km or 4, miles) and elevation range (− Cited by: Lesotho is a small, land-locked, mountainous country, roughly the size of Wales, which lies within the boundaries of South Africa.

It's geographic coordinates are 29° 30'S, 28° 30'E. The climate is temperate cool to cold with dry winters and hot, wet summers. Presented in the Workshop on Forests, Rangelands and Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa 17 – 19 June Prepared by Constantine M.

Shayo Vice President’s Office Dar es Salaam TANZANIA 1 Report on Forests, Rangelands and Climate Change Adaptation in TanzaniaFile Size: 1MB. This book brings together information on the contrasting characteristics, condition, present use and problems of the world's main natural grasslands.

Since grassland is commercialized through the grazing animal, particular attention is paid to the livestock production systems associated with each main type.

Grazing resources are more than simply edible herbage: many other factors. In South Africa, the agricultural sector plays a signifi cant role in the country’s economy. Anecdotal evidence suggests that climate change could lead to a fall of about % in the country’s GDP by – a fall roughly equivalent to the total annual foreign direct investment in South Africa at present.

Land Degradation and Improvement in South Africa i MAIN POINTS 1. Land degradation is a global environment and development issue.

Up-to-date, quantitative information is needed to support policy and action for food and water security, economic development, environmental integrity and resource conservation. To meet this need, the Global. Global change and subsistence rangelands in southern Africa: Paulshoek, Namaqualand: A preliminary report and literature review.

Unpublished progress report, National Botanical Institute, Cape Town. South Africa is especially susceptible to IAPs and this is nationally perceived as the country’s greatest land degradation threat, partly because it reduces national streamflow by %, with far higher hydrological impacts in some of the country’s critical catchments (Le Maitre et al., ; Richardson and Van Wilgen, ).The Fynbos and grassland biome are exceptionally Author: Graham Paul von Maltitz, James Gambiza, Klaus Kellner, Thizwilondi Rambau, Lehman Lindeque, Barney K.

Global Change and Subsistence Rangelands in Southern Africa: Resource Variability, Access and Use in Relation to Rural Livelihoods and Welfare Proceedings of 1st Joint Workshop held in Gaborone, Botswana. of the Government of Belgium, convened the W orkshop on Forests, Rangelands and Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa on 17–19 June in Johannesburg, South Africa.

The aims of the. Continued degradation of rangelands will have a far-reaching impact on the environment. According to a report titled “Carbon Finance in Rangelands: An assessment of Potential in Communal Rangelands” rangelands are the largest land use type, covering about 40% of the world’s land surface and have the potential to play a big role in carbon.

Nutritious perennial grass species including Eragrostis pallens Hack. Ex Schinz remain prevalent in Wildlife Management Areas. Other ecological changes include the invasion of the exotic Prosopis glandulosa Torr. and dense stands of Rhigozum trichotomum Kuntze. The overall value of rangeland in South Africa is reflected by the annual value of commercial livestock production estimated to be ZAR 18 billion (Meissner et al.

), that of the commercial wildlife industry ZAR 10 billion (Department of Environmental Affairs b), and that 19 million people reside in rural by: Southern Africa: Facts Most people (70%) live in rural areas and depend on subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods.

They depend on land for agricultural production or for conservation (parks or conservancies). A large area in the region, equivalent to 70% or more, is arid or semi-arid while part of it is complete desert. Understanding Rangeland Biodiversity.

especially in eastern and southern Africa for science or tourism has led to the indirect. loss in rangelands is a change in the proportional mix of. In Namaqualand, heavy grazing of low-lying areas has resulted in the reduction of palatable perennial shrubs and the dominance of the unpalatable shrub, Galenia africana.

This study investigates the process of rehabilitation and how it can be used to gain an understanding of the ecological factors that may be sustaining altered vegetation by: Rangelands and Global Change An Issue Paper Created By the Society for Range Management.

GLOBAL CHANGEis any change in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain Size: KB. When is grazing a major determinant of rangeland condition and productivity. Global Change and Subsistence Rangelands in Southern the arid Succulent Karoo biome in western South Africa.

Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa: the impacts of climatic variability and resource access on rural livelihoods. GCTE Working Document No. GCTE Core Project Office, CanberraCited by: Estimates of the extent of global rangelands range from 30 to 56 per cent, or 41 and 74 2 million square kilometers, of Earth’s ice-free terrestrial surface (Sayre et al.

It is now widely accepted that the global climate is changing. The impact of climate change will differ across and within regions. It is anticipated that Southern Africa will experience higher temperatures, with increases expected to range from °C to 3°C; the region will also experience more hot days and fewer cold and frost.

Biodiversity is important for South Africa because of its importance in maintaining ecosystem function, the proven economic value of South Africa’s biodiversity resources, and its role in supporting subsistence lifestyles. Aspects of ecosystem health such as sustained primary production, soil retention, and water yield and water.

Introduction. Estimates of the extent of global rangelands range from 30 to 56 per cent, or 41 and 74 million square kilometers, of Earth’s ice-free terrestrial surface (Sayre et al., ).Today, rangelands directly provide for –2 billion people, depending on sources (Reynolds,Thornton, ).Thus, rangelands play an important role for future global food security, given Cited by: 6.

South Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions. Projections of future temperature and rainfall, and potential impacts of climate change on health, water resources, rangelands, maize, forestry and biodiversity were discussed. South Africa’s response to climate change was presented.

Since the SAEO, local and global research has advanced. Global change and subsistence rangelands in southern Africa: An outline of a European Union funded project.

Proceedings of conference "Policy-making for the sustainable use of southern African communal rangelands" held at the University of Fort Hare, July Rangelands cover more than 80% of the land surface of South Africa and are critical for sustained provision of essential ecosystem goods and services.

They make an obvious contribution to economic development through agriculture and a. INCO-DP Project No. ERBIC18CT () Global change and subsistence rangelands in Southern Africa: resource variability, access and use in relation to rural livelihoods and welfare. A preliminary report and Cited by: The change in the intensity and location of tropical thunderstorms and other weather patterns is the driving force in the climates of southern South America.

Africa [ edit ] In Kenya, rangelands make up for 85% of the land surface area, and are largely inhabited by nomadic pastoralists who are largely dependent on livestock.

Forests, Rangelands and Climate Change Adaptation in Southern Africa • FAO in collaboration with the SADC secretariat organized a workshop with SADC member states to 1) take stock of countries’ current efforts related to forests, rangelands and climate change and 2).

Climate change is expected to adversely affect agriculture in South Africa. A rise in variable and unfavourable conditions is likely to surpass the limits of current coping mechanisms of farmers, compelling them to implement more resilient adaptive measures to decrease their vulnerability to heightened risks.

Downloadable. Residents of Southern Africa depend on rangeland for food, livelihoods, and ecosystem services. Sustainable management of rangeland ecosystems requires attention to interactive effects of fire and grazing in a changing climate. It is essential to compare rangeland responses to fire and grazing across space and through time to understand the effects of rangeland.

AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA 3 er in global food markets. This potential lies in its land, water and oceans, in its men and women, in its knowledge and huge mar- South Africa File Size: 3MB. And it's happening to about two-thirds of the world’s grasslands, accelerating climate change and causing traditional grazing societies to descend into social chaos.

Savory has devoted his life to stopping it. He now believes — and his work so far shows — that a surprising factor can protect. The Borana rangelands are located in the southern parts of the Ethiopia lowland. The area extends from 4 ° to 6 ° N latitude and 36 ° to 42 ° longitude.

Altitude ranges from 1 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l) to 1 masl and the topography consists of isolated mountains, valleys and depression. Get this from a library. Climate change and adaptive land management in southern Africa: assessments, changes, challenges, and solutions.

[Rasmus Revermann; Kristin M Krewenka; Ute Schmiedel; Jane M Olwoch; Jörg Helmschrot; Norbert Jürgens; Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management,;] -- "Global change. We sampled twenty-eight ha plots that had previously been cleared for subsistence agriculture and had been left to re-grow for 2 to ~25 years, and fourteen ha plots of protected woodlands, recording stem diameter distributions and species, collecting wood for density determination, and soil from 0 to m for determination of %C and.The Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS) engages in research, training, policy development and advocacy in relation to land and agrarian reform, rural governance and natural resource management.

It is committed to social change that empowers the poor, builds democracy and enhances sustainable livelihoods.DESERTIFICATION AND DEFORESTATION IN AFRICA R. Penny Environmental and Developmental Consultant/Practitioner, Cape Town, South Africa Keywords: arid, semi-arid, dry sub-humid, drought, drylands, land degradation, land tenure, sustainability Contents 1.

Introduction 2. Global Context 3. Land Degradation in Africa Today File Size: KB.